POST DISABILITY AND MATERNITY LEAVE EMPLOYMENT – CONSIDERING EDUCATION INTERACTIONS AND STATE MANDATES
Miller, James David Meredith
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This research estimates the joint effect of education and state mandates on employment after potentially temporary detachment from the labor market due to disability or maternity leave. The theoretical framework for the analysis is a reservation wage model and a special case of that model, the up-or-out contract model, which has been adapted to the cases of disability and maternity. Limited dependent variable models provide the estimation methods for each chapter. The Current Population Survey is the primary source of the data. The first chapter finds evidence that the interactions of education with disability mitigated the impairment-disability relationship. The second chapter finds that for lower income workers the expansion of Medicaid and the implementation of subsidies in the health-insurance market, improved the probability of working 8 to 12 months after a disability break. The third chapter finds evidence that maternity leave improves the likelihood of career continuity among women with higher education levels. It also finds evidence that California’s paid family leave law increased the likelihood of career continuity. These results provide insight for future policy decisions.