This literature review highlights the current state of adolescent obesity and lack of adequate sleep. Moreover, it focuses on the relationship between the two epidemics. The results indicate that the probability of sleep deprivation inversely affecting body mass index is quite high, and is most likely dose dependent. Because current evidence in the adolescent population is limited, recommendations include further research that is age and gender specific. Health care practitioners must be involved in the implementation and evaluation ofthe data on hand, and act in a fashion that empowers the adolescent to create positive changes in their life.