Now showing items 1-20 of 40

  • Application Development of Lignin in Valuable Engineering Polymers Via Mild Thermochemical and Mechanochemical Process 

    Zhang, Jinwen; Wolcott, Michael; Xin, Junna; Xiaojie, Guo; Teng, Xiaoxu; Qin, Jianglei; Li, Mei; (2016)
    NARA researchers developed new technologies for the preparation of engineering polymers from NARA lignin and explore the applications.
  • Aspen Modeling of the NARA Conversion Processes 

    Chen, Shulin; Spink, Tom; Gao, Allan; (2016)
    The report provides a set of process flow diagrams, process parameters, and mass and energy balances, which define the NARA conversion process. The described process begins at the plant gate with the reception of forest ...
  • BGP & Social Assets 

    Smith, Paul; Gaffney, Michael; Hoard, Season; Rijkhoff, Sanne; Mueller, Daniel; Martinkus, Natalie; Lovrich, Nicholas; Shi, Wenping; Venugpal, Preenaa; Pierce, John; (2016)
    The authors developed a holistic approach to biorefinery supply chain analysis in terms of combining biogeophysical (BGP) assets with difficult to operationalize social assets to identify communities in the NARA region ...
  • Biofuels Policy 

    Smith, Paul; Fowler, Lara; Dahmann, Kristina; (2016)
    This report reviews how both federal and state governments have affected the biofuels industry in the United States and explores the demand for advanced biofuels from the US military and for commercial aviation.
  • Biomass Modeling and Assessment 

    Latta, Greg; Adams, Darius; Clark, Joshua; Crandall, Mindy; Guerrero Ocho, Isabel; (2016)
    This report describes two models: the NARA Biomass model (NBM) and the Land Use and Resource model.
  • Biorefinery Value Chain Outputs 

    Smith, Paul; Chen, Min; Cline, Stephen; (2016)
    This study characterizes the structure of the US biofuels industry and US bio-based chemicals industry while also examining the cellulosic biofuel biorefineries regarding commercialization factors.
  • Characterization and Potential Applications of Milled Wood Lignin Obtained from Sugar Depot Biorefinery Process 

    Zhang, Xiao; Ma, Ruoshui; Ling, Kuan-Ting; Wang, Peipei; (2016)
    This report aims at characterizing the structural properties of milled wood lignin and identifying its potential application.
  • Clean Sugar and Lignin Pretreatment Technology 

    Gao, Johnway; Neogi, Amar (Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance, 2014)
    In this report, researchers evaluate the use of wood milling as a pretreatment step for sugar hydrolysate production from Douglas-fir forest residuals.
  • Community Economic Impact of Hypothetical NARA Woody Biomass Jet Fuel Refineries in the Pacific Northwest 

    Sasatani, Daisuke; Eastin, Ivan; (2017)
    This study used regional input-output analysis (I/O) to measure the economic impacts of the introduction of the biorefinery facilities in the Pacific Northwest that convert woody biomass into biojet fuel and co-products.
  • Conversion of Lignin to High Value, Large Market Products 

    Fish, David; Dallmeyer, Ian; Fox, Carter; Eatherton, Randy; Cline, Stephen; Casayuran, Chanel; Garcia-Perez, Manuel; Suliman, Waled; Haynes, Shakema; (2016)
    In this report, lignin, derived from the wood-to-biojet conversion process developed by NARA, is fully characterized and used to develop activated carbon products of commercial use.
  • Developing high biofuel coastal, Douglas-fir feedstocks by genetic selection 

    Jayawickrama, Keith; Howe, Glenn; Ye, Terrance; Trappe, Matt; Kling, Jennifer; Kolpak, Scott; Zhang, Xiao; Gelyense, Scott; Guida, Stephanie; Bell, Callum; (2017)
    This report describes the development of a state-of-the-science genotyping array based on SNP technology for marker-based selection of phenotypes conducive to production of biofuels from woody residuals.
  • Effects of Varying Forest Floor and Slash Retention on Soil Nutrient and Carbon Pools in a Regenerating Douglas-fir Tree Farm: NARA-Soils 

    Hatten, Jeff; Gallo, Adrian; (2016)
    This report provides soil temperature, moisture, and respiration data for two years after biomass harvesting, OM removal, and compaction treatments that bracketed the range of reality likely present in a biomass harvesting ...
  • Environmental Assessment of Biorefinery Co-Products 

    Pelton, Rylie; Chen, Luyi; Smith, Timothy; (2016)
    This report identifies the drivers for bio-product environmental performance and criteria for environmental preferability.
  • Environmental Impact Analysis to Support Biofuel Development in the Pacific Northwest – Water Resources Component 

    Petrie, John; Wickham, Ross; Madsen, Kaleb; Davis, Allie; Barber, Michael; Smith, C. Taylor; Hasan, Mohammad; (2017)
    This report assesses the impact of woody biomass harvesting on stream channels and soil microbial communities.
  • Feedstock Analysis for Poplar Plantations within the Western Montana Corridor 

    Bourque, Andrew; Stanton, Brian; Turland, John; Shuren, Richard (Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance, 2014)
    This report was conducted by GreenWood Resources and examines the opportunity for poplar biomass plantations to supplement the supply of biomass originating as logging and thinning residues from coniferous stands in western ...
  • Feedstock Logistics 

    Sessions, John; Boston, Kevin; Zamora-Cristales, Rene; Belart, Francisca; Marrs, Gevan; Murphy, Glen; (2017)
    This report is a series of five reports that cover the varied challenges and opportunities related to processing and transporting forest biomass to a biorefinery. Topics covered in this collection include 1) biomass recovery ...
  • Feedstock Sourcing: NARA Years 1-3 

    Marrs, Gevan; Mulderig, Brian; Davio, Don; Burt, Mark (Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance, 2015)
    This report was completed by Weyerhaeuser staff and evaluates the cost and quality of softwood forest residual feedstock in the Pacific Northwest used to produce bio-jet fuel and co-products.
  • Feedstock Supply Chain Analysis 

    Englund, Karl; Azadfar, Mohammadali; Schneider, Gerald; Chetan, Lalit; Samaniego, Raul Pelaez; (2016)
    This report provides a comprehensive summary of wood waste available in construction and demolition solid waste stream networked through local material recycling facilities. In addition, physical and chemical analyses are ...
  • Formulations for Coproduct Lignin-Based Plastics 

    Sarkanen, Simo; Chen, Yi-ru; Wang, Yun-Yan; (2016)
    This report describes the creation of polymeric blends containing lignosulfonates derived from NARA lignin and provides a techno-economic assessment for their use as an alternative source of engineering plastics.
  • Informed Stakeholder Assessment 

    Laninga, Tamara; Moroney, Jillian; (2016)
    To address social sustainability, a large scale social assessment of informed stakeholders in the NARA region was conducted using a mixed methods survey to gain understanding of stakeholders’ knowledge, levels of support, ...