KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS AMONG TEACHERS OF STUDENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER IN SAUDI ARABIA
Alotaibi, Abdulhadi Ali
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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has become more prevalent in recent decades. Most of the research supports the use of Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) techniques to reduce disruptive behaviors with students with ASD. However, little is known about the level of knowledge and frequency of use of ABA based strategies of teachers of students with ASD. This study surveyed 158 teachers of students with ASD from various ASD programs in public schools and institutes in seven major cities in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh, Jeddah, Makkah, Al-Madinah, Al-Dammam, Abha, and Hail). The survey was administered to the participants using Qualtrics, a secure online survey tool.The results indicate that females reported to have a higher level of knowledge and a higher frequency of use for the 16 ABA strategies considered in this study. Teachers with ABA training or who had previously participated in a behavior management course also tended to have higher levels of knowledge and frequency of use of ABA strategies compared to their counterparts. The results also indicate that there are some factors that affect the receptivity of various educators to an array of teaching strategies. Findings from the study are expected to help policy formation to improve the preparation of and training programs for teachers of students with ASD in Saudi Arabia.