Conserving the in Situ Archaeological Record
In the 20th century, archaeologists made great strides in learning to understand the material record of past human life. Concurrently, destruction of the archaeological record increased as population growth, economic development, and looting took a rising toll. During the past one hundred years, most countries established laws to protect at least major archaeological sites and to curtail illegal excavation and export of antiquities. Although often ineffective in practice, these laws formally recognized a national interest in archaeological conservation. By the end of the century, some nations, primarily in the developed world, had fairly effective legal and bureaucratic systems for balancing the value of in-place conservation of significant archaeological sites against economic developments that would destroy them. The creation of organizations such as ICOMOS and ICCROM and the promulgation of standards and agreements such as the World Heritage Convention built a framework within which archaeological conservation could be pursued at an international level, both complementing and reinforcing national efforts. Hence, the past century was a time of great progress in conservation of the archaeological record. But what of the future? Below, I briefly characterize the archaeological record and the threats to it, and then consider its fate in the 21st century.
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Kane, Allen E.; Lipe, William D.; Kohler, Timothy A.; Robinson, Christine E.; Breternitz, David A. (U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Engineering and Research Center, Denver, Colorado, 1996-06)This volume is a collection of the basic planning and management documents for the Dolores Archaeological Program. The first chapter introduces the volume and provides an evaluation of the effectiveness of Dolores ...
Blinman, Eric; Phagan, Carl J.; Wilshusen, Richard H. (U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Engineering and Research Center, Denver, Colorado, 1988-08)Dolores Archaeological Program activities have included a variety of synthetic supporting studies in addition to descriptive analyses of excavation and survey materials. This volume includes those supporting studies that ...
Petersen, Kenneth L.; Orcutt, Janet D.; Breternitz, David A. (U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Engineering and Research Center, Denver, Colorado, 1987-03)This volume presents some of the final results of the Dolores Archaeological Program Environmental Archaeology Group and the Settlement Archaeology Group. Six reports outline the development of vegetational and climatic ...