Perspectives from the Advanced Seminar
Lipe, William D.
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Cultural resource management (CRM) archaeology emerged in the mid-1970s in response to laws and public policies focused on resource management and planning, rather than on the "salvage" of sites that were "in the way of progress." As Davis (chapter 2) discusses, the ability of the archaeological community to win passage 9f the Moss-Bennett legislation in 1974 was a major turning point. In that same year, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation issued its initial Procedures for the Protection of Historic and Cultural Properties (36 CFR Part 800), and the Cultural Resource Management Conference in Denver (Lipe and Lindsay 1974) marked the appearance of "CRM" as a label for a new and more comprehensive approach to public archaeology. The mid-1970s also saw the development of CRM archaeology as a professional specialty distinct from employment in universities and museums (McGimsey 1974). As all the chapters in this volume attest that CRM archaeology has its problems. Our goal in this book (Archaeology and Cultural Resource Management) is to put forward a vision of what the field of CRM archaeology might become--how it might more nearly achieve its great promise. In the advanced seminar, we challenged ourselves not only to delineate aspects of that vision but also to describe some of the impediments to achieving it and what might be done to resolve or reduce those impediments. The contributors to the volume see it not as a cookbook filled with recipes for improving CRM archaeology, but as a way of encouraging those concerned about the future of American public archaeology to envision that future and to work toward making the vision a reality.