Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Medication Abuse at Washington State University
Geiger, Kyle W.
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Since the early 1990s, amphetamine salts have been used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Rising numbers of diagnoses and prescriptions have been correlated with increasing rates of abuse in people with and without ADHD prescriptions (Setlik et al. 2009). The stimulant effects of these medications propose a unique demand on these “study aids” on college campuses and throughout the United States. A survey of students at Washington State University (WSU) found that the rate of ADHD medication abuse exceeds that of the national average and far exceeds the national average within the WSU Greek Community. This relates to a view of non-medical ADHD medication abuse as “acceptable.” ADHD medication abuse has also been correlated with lower academic success (Rabiner et al, 2009). Information from The Academic Opportunity Cost of Substance Abuse Report, compiled in 2013, indicates that the misuse of stimulants can eventually lead to a delayed graduation and even failure to graduate. This is expected to be associated with the compounding effects of neurostimulants on sleep and cognitive performance.