This collection contains cumulative and final reports created by the Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA)

Recent Submissions

  • Informing and Engaging Stakeholders 

    Berg, Erik; Brooks, Randy; Burke, Charles; Englund, Karl; Gaffney, Michael; Hougham, Robert Justin; Kern, Michael; Kolb, Peter; Leavengood, Scott; Lowell, Eini C.; Morgan, Todd; Rawlings, Craig; Twer, Martin; Yadama, Vikram; (2017)
    This report describes Northwest Advanced Renewable Alliance (NARA)’s outreach activities used to enhance bioenergy literacy and build supply chain coalitions and regional alliances.
  • NARA Education 

    Hollenhorst, Steve; Eitel, Karla Bradley; Hendrickson, Danica; Hougham, R. Justin; Laninga, Tamara; Haselbach, Liv; Schwartz, Daniel; James, Laurel; Pressley, Shelley Noelle; (2017)
    This report describes NARA's education efforts used to enhance bioenergy literacy and develop a future workforce to participate in developing bioenergy services and technology.
  • Feedstock Logistics 

    Sessions, John; Boston, Kevin; Zamora-Cristales, Rene; Belart, Francisca; Marrs, Gevan; Murphy, Glen; (2017)
    This report is a series of five reports that cover the varied challenges and opportunities related to processing and transporting forest biomass to a biorefinery. Topics covered in this collection include 1) biomass recovery ...
  • Community Economic Impact of Hypothetical NARA Woody Biomass Jet Fuel Refineries in the Pacific Northwest 

    Sasatani, Daisuke; Eastin, Ivan; (2017)
    This study used regional input-output analysis (I/O) to measure the economic impacts of the introduction of the biorefinery facilities in the Pacific Northwest that convert woody biomass into biojet fuel and co-products.
  • Developing high biofuel coastal, Douglas-fir feedstocks by genetic selection 

    Jayawickrama, Keith; Howe, Glenn; Ye, Terrance; Trappe, Matt; Kling, Jennifer; Kolpak, Scott; Zhang, Xiao; Gelyense, Scott; Guida, Stephanie; Bell, Callum; (2017)
    This report describes the development of a state-of-the-science genotyping array based on SNP technology for marker-based selection of phenotypes conducive to production of biofuels from woody residuals.
  • Environmental Impact Analysis to Support Biofuel Development in the Pacific Northwest – Water Resources Component 

    Petrie, John; Wickham, Ross; Madsen, Kaleb; Davis, Allie; Barber, Michael; Smith, C. Taylor; Hasan, Mohammad; (2017)
    This report assesses the impact of woody biomass harvesting on stream channels and soil microbial communities.
  • Micronized Wood Pretreatment for the Production of Bio-Glycols 

    Gene, Bryan; Shen, Jim; Snelling, Patrick; (2017)
    The purpose of this project was to determine whether S2G BioChemical’s (S2G) catalytic sugar-to-glycol technology was a suitable and cost-effective solution for cellulosic sugars produced using Washington State University’s ...
  • Process Engineering Analysis of Alternatives in the Gevo Ethanol to Olefin Process 

    Wooley, R. J.; (2017)
    Gevo has developed a process for the conversion of ethanol to olefins, in particular propylene and isobutylene. In May of 2015 Gevo process engineering completed a process model and cost estimate for a complete process ...
  • Phenomics Analysis 

    Kirchhoff, Helmut; Hoehner, Ricarda; Wood, Magnus; Zia, Ahmad; Lewis, Norman; Herman, Barri; (2017)
    This report describes Poplar and Douglas-fir screening for lignin content and drought stress using recently developed high-throughput optical screening based on non-invasive image technology (Phenomics).
  • Local and Regional Wildlife Impacts of Biomass Removals 

    Betts, Matthew; Rivers, Jim; Root, Heather; (2017)
    This work reviews the potential impact of silvicultural regimes, proposed to reduce fire hazard and improve forest health, on vertebrate abundance.
  • Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Softwood Lignocellulosic Biomass to Isoparaffinic Kerosene and Lignin Co-products 

    Marrs, Gevan; Spink, Tom; Gao, Allan (2016)
    This techno-economic analysis has been prepared for a greenfield integrated biorefinery to produce renewable jet fuel and co-products from softwood forest harvest residuals.
  • Production of 1,000 Gallons of Biojet in the NARA Consortium 

    Wooley, Robert; Zhu, JY; Gleisner, Roland; Hawkins, Andrew; Starkey, Paul; Gao, Johnway; Spink, Tom; Ley, Joe; Evans, Kent; Wolcott, Mike; Marrs, Gevan; Sessions, John; (2016)
    This report describes the steps and conditions used to produce 1,000 gallons of biojet fuel made from forest residuals.
  • Soil Carbon Analysis 

    Harrison, Rob; Norton, Matt; Himes, Austin; Knight, Erika; Vance, Jean (Betsy); Footen, Paul; James, Jason; Dietzen, Chrisitiana; Menegale, Marcella; Michelsen, Stephani; Littke, Kim; Devine, Warren; Ciol, Marcia; Souza, Luis; Bernardi, Rodolfo; Bonassi, Thiago; Marques, Eduardo; Mateus, Nikolas; Jiang, Ling; Ribas, Luiz; Zhang, Youfu; (2016)
    This report assesses the carbon and nitrogen concentrations and stump density in thinned or harvested Douglas-fir plantation forests.
  • Environmental Assessment of Biorefinery Co-Products 

    Pelton, Rylie; Chen, Luyi; Smith, Timothy; (2016)
    This report identifies the drivers for bio-product environmental performance and criteria for environmental preferability.
  • Refinery-to-Wing Stakeholder Assessment 

    Smith, Paul; Gaffney, Michael; Shi, Wenping; Hoard, Season; Ibarrola, Ibon; Rijkhoff, Sanne; Mueller, Daniel; Sanders, Christina; Rogachevsky, Joseph; (2016)
    This report measures and ranks perceived drivers and barriers to an economically viable sustainable jet fuel industry in the PNW region through personal interviews with key aviation fuel supply chain stakeholders and ...
  • Informed Stakeholder Assessment 

    Laninga, Tamara; Moroney, Jillian; (2016)
    To address social sustainability, a large scale social assessment of informed stakeholders in the NARA region was conducted using a mixed methods survey to gain understanding of stakeholders’ knowledge, levels of support, ...
  • Sustainable Feedstock Production 

    Maguire, Doug; Mainwaring, Doug; Hann, David; Bluhm, Andrew; Coons, Kristin; (2016)
    This report provides improved allometric biomass equations for intensively managed stands and nutrient analyses of the biomass components included in these equations. This work will enable a more accurate estimation of ...
  • Conversion of Lignin to High Value, Large Market Products 

    Fish, David; Dallmeyer, Ian; Fox, Carter; Eatherton, Randy; Cline, Stephen; Casayuran, Chanel; Garcia-Perez, Manuel; Suliman, Waled; Haynes, Shakema; (2016)
    In this report, lignin, derived from the wood-to-biojet conversion process developed by NARA, is fully characterized and used to develop activated carbon products of commercial use.
  • Aspen Modeling of the NARA Conversion Processes 

    Chen, Shulin; Spink, Tom; Gao, Allan; (2016)
    The report provides a set of process flow diagrams, process parameters, and mass and energy balances, which define the NARA conversion process. The described process begins at the plant gate with the reception of forest ...
  • Production of Jet Fuel using Biochemcat 

    Ahring, Birgitte; Srinivas, Keerthi; Garrett, Benjamin; Murali, Nanditha; (2016)
    This report describes efforts to adapt the BioChemCat technology to convert lignocellulosic biomass into volatile fatty acids.

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