Archaeological Values and Resource Management
Lipe, William D.
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In what follows, I begin with a general discussion of archaeological resource value and the role of authenticity. Next is a brief section on the contexts in which archaeological resource values are formed and accessed. In the main part of the chapter, I consider in more detail each of the six values already noted, with some comments on how current management approaches might be improved to better ensure that these values can be realized as public benefits. I draw examples largely from US public land contexts. Archaeological resource management requires numerous actors, including firms or individual consultants working under contract. In the US federal system, however, it is agency managers who are responsible for developing and maintaining programs for managing the archaeological resources controlled or affected by their agencies, including implementing sections 106 and 110 of the National· Historic Preservation Act. Consequently, I often refer to "managers" as the primary agents in archaeological resource management while recognizing and in fact advocating that multiple other stakeholders need to be involved in these efforts as well.